ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the emergency
3.6M+ people fled Ukraine
6.4M+ Estimated IDPs – half are children
2,500+ civilian casualties
60+ attacks on health care verified
450+ schools damaged or destroyed
Hundreds of thousands are trapped in cities due to ongoing hostilities, many lack water and electricity
To date, it is estimated that more than one million people have been assisted by National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in affected countries. National Societies responded from the start through their permanent presence on the ground. National Society staff, rapid response teams and volunteers have been deployed to all countries, and assessments are ongoing as essential services are provided to displaced populations. During the first month of the operation, National Societies are coordinating closely with the authorities, leveraging their auxiliary role, supporting systems under strain and providing essential assistance to people on the move. Preparedness action began before the crisis and response activities have continued since day one, providing integrated and life-saving assistance to people on the move. National Societies are providing essential reliable assistance, including food, household and hygiene items, restoring family links (RFL) services, and coordinating shelter and accommodation needs. Community engagement and accountability strategies are being developed, including the establishment of call centres. National Societies are being strengthened and are ready to start distributing multi-purpose cash support to the most vulnerable people in several countries simultaneously. Protection, gender and inclusion (PGI) capacities are strengthened and coordinated, in accordance with the fundamental principles for the respect of confidentiality, security directives, child protection and obligations to protect the space humanitarianism and our communities.
The IFRC, through the emergency appeal, is targeting a preliminary basis to support National Societies in Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Moldova, Romania, Belarus and Russia with 100 million of CHF to respond to the emergency and support the early recovery of 2 million people affected by the provision of health care, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelter and housing and Settlements, Multipurpose Cash (Cash and Voucher Assistance – CVA), Livelihoods, Protection, Gender and Inclusion, Community Engagement and Accountability, and Migration and Displacement . These areas will be supported and strengthened through the following enabling approaches: coordination and partnerships, IFRC secretariat services and strengthening national societies. Since the onset of the emergency, the IFRC has engaged in preparedness, contingency and scenario planning activities with National Societies prior to the crisis, enabling it to mobilize quickly and at scale in eight countries directly affected by this crisis, as well as in a growing number of secondary affected countries in Europe and beyond.
As affected families move within countries to receive help from family and friends, assessments are difficult as they are constantly updated. Strong and constant coordination within the Movement is ensured to ensure links between all response activities (including bilateral and nationally funded activities) and to help leverage the capacities of all Federation members in countries, avoiding duplication of actions. This was manifested in the deployment of rapid response personnel from the Member National Society and IFRC pool of experts on an unprecedented scale, reaching 100 personnel deployed in less than a month (see infographic under Services secretariat below). Country-level operational teams have been set up in Ukraine and in all affected countries around Ukraine to support the efforts of National Societies to help people find shelter, basic relief items and health services, psychosocial support and cash preparation programs. Network coordination efforts began from day one to consolidate and share timely information, help National Societies develop response strategies and build technical capacity. IFRC teams have achieved rapid scale-up of cash and voucher programming frameworks in multiple countries simultaneously.
The IFRC has deployed movement coordination support and is coordinating with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Partner National Societies of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in this multi-country crisis. A Federation Movement-wide approach is being implemented and data collection systems are being put in place to reflect joint efforts.
The current situation in Ukraine is governed by the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, its First Additional Protocol of 1977 and customary international humanitarian law. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is entrusted with a wide range of humanitarian functions and responsibilities under the four Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol I with the aim of protecting and assisting people affected by conflict. , including bilateral and confidential dialogue with the Parties. armed conflict and other competent authorities. To clarify roles and responsibilities among the components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (the Movement2), coordination mechanisms at national, regional and global levels have been activated to ensure a collective impact of the Movement.
In addition to Movement coordination between the IFRC, ICRC and National Societies, we also recognize the importance of framing our response within the broader humanitarian context. The IFRC is engaged in external coordination mechanisms, including the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), Humanitarian Country Teams, the NGO Forum and its Ukraine Crisis Task Force. The IFRC also has teams in Brussels involved in discussions at EU level and, for the first time, staff integrated into the EU Civil Protection Emergency Response Coordination Center (ERCC) to information exchange and coordination, and in New York which collaborates with the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly Actors and Mechanisms.